In the previous post, we talked about the 11 greatest red grape varieties.

We had a thorough insight of their tastes, their aromas and got a little bit of their origin information.

However, red grape varieties are not the only ones to learn about.

It is high time that you got some further information about Chardonnay, Muscat, Sauvignon Blanc…and the rest of the most well-known white grape varieties!

So, let’s have a look in the list that follows as it includes 9 of the greatest white grape varieties!

White Wine/Grape Varieties

  1. Chardonnay
  2. Chenin Blanc
  3. Gewürztraminer
  4. Muscat or Moscato
  5. Pinot Gris or Pinot Grigio
  6. Riesling
  7. Sauvignon Blanc
  8. Sémillon
  9. Viognier

Of course, this is just a list…

Now let’s check the above varieties a bit more closely…

  1. Chardonnay: Chardonnay is a grape variety used for white wines and it comes from a green-skin berry. It can be used for still or sparkling wines and it is a perfect base for Champagne. Its taste and aromas range from apple, lemon and pear to butter, vanilla and oak. This variety originates in Burgundy, France but can now be grown wherever wine is produced.
  2. Chenin Blanc: Chenin Blanc variety comes from white skinned grapes and it is used for white wines. Its flavor ranges from baked apple, passion fruit and mango to butterscotch, lemon curd and sweet almond. Its aromas refer to honey, caramel and hay among others. This variety can be used for sparkling wines, but for dessert wines as well.
  3. Gewürztraminer: Gewürztraminer is an aromatic pink to red skinned grape variety used for white wines. Its flavor ranges from lychee and pineapple to apricot and peach while its aromas refer to those of rose, cinnamon and smoke. This variety can well be used for dry, off-dry and sweet wines and it performs perfectly in cool climates.                                     white grape varieties-99wines
  4. Muscat or Moscato: Muscat or Moscato family of grapes includes over 150 grape varieties; they are mainly used for dessert wines and come from white to dark-skinned berries. They are often sweet and their taste and aromas range from orange, grapefruit and peach to vanilla bean, caramel and jasmine. It can be grown in Italy, Greece, Spain, France, etc.
  5. Pinot Gris or Pinot Grigio: Pinot Gris or Pinot Grigio is a white grape variety and it usually comes from grayish blue skinned grapes. However, the grapes might also be brownish pink to black or even white skinned. Its taste and aromas range from lime, lemon and pear to almond, honey and ginger.
  6. Riesling: Riesling variety comes from white skinned grapes and it is used for dry to sweet and sparkling white wines. It is one of the most aromatic grape varieties in the world and its taste and aromas can range from apricot and peach to honeycomb and petrol. This variety originates in Rhine, Germany and its wines have excellent aging potential.
  7. Sauvignon Blanc: Sauvignon Blanc variety comes from green-skinned grapes and it is used for white wines. Its taste and aromas range from lime, passion and white peach to green bell pepper, gooseberry and grass. This variety originates in Bordeaux and Loire Valley, France as well as in New Zealand.
  8. Sémillon: Sémillon is a grape variety that comes from golden-skinned grapes and is used for dry and sweet white wines. Its taste and aromas can range from lemon, apple and green papaya to hay, honey and ginger. It is the variety that is famously used for France’s great Sauternes.
  9. Viognier:  Viognier variety comes from white skinned grapes and it is used for white wines. Its taste and aromas range from tangerine, lavender and almond to anise, white pepper and beeswax. This variety originates in Northern Rhône valley, France. Outside of Rhône valley, Viognier can be found in regions North and South America, Australia and New Zealand.

white grape varieties-99wines

How about some interesting facts though as well..?

Sure! Let’s go!

  • Chenin Blanc, also known as Pineau de la Loire, originates in Loire valley in France. Besides Loire valley, this variety is widely grown in South Africa where it is mainly known as Steen.
  • Although the name Gewürztraminer is German, this variety comes from the Tyrolean Alps in Italy, near the village Termeno or Tramin. Gewürztraminer is translated as “spiced Traminer”, Traminer Aromatico in Italian.
  • The Muscat grape is the only grape used for winemaking but also as an everyday table grape.
  • Although Pinot Gris and Pinot Grigio are exactly the same grape variety, their distinction refers to the styles of wines they are used for.
  • Riesling is considered to be one of the top three white wine varieties along with Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc.
  • Sémillon is France’s 3rd most planted white wine variety after Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay.
  • Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon are some of the grape varieties used for the famous White Bordeaux wine.
  • Viognier is considered to be genetically linked with the varieties Nebbiolo and Freisa.

white grape varieties-99winesWell, there you go!

Now you have a some further information regarding the origin, the flavors and the aromas of the above varieties.

You are well aware of the features, that make the above varieties, the best-established ones, among the varieties used for the creation of white wines

There are certainly additional details and interesting facts, that you can learn for each one of them, however, the above post covers quite a few of the basics.

If you think that this post was not that conclusive overall, it would be a great opportunity for me to read and reply to your comments. If you liked it though, well…why not share it?